A Study on Adult Learners of English as A Foreign Language in Vietnam: Motivations, Advantages, and Challenges





English as a Foreign Language, Adult learners, learning difficulties


English has become highly popular in Vietnam, emerging as the preferred language for diverse purposes. The increasing attendance at English Training Centers and schools shows a surge in adult learners seeking language refinement. Motivated by career progression, job prerequisites, learning objectives, and communication needs, these learners encounter many difficulties. This article explores the obstacles Vietnamese English as a Foreign Language (EFL) learners face, providing practical solutions for both learners and educators. A comprehensive study involving 70 adult learners studying EFL at the University of Danang - University of Foreign Language Studies (UD-UFLS) utilized questionnaires and interviews, employing qualitative and quantitative analyses. The research revealed that despite high motivation driven by job and career goals, learners struggle due to time constraints, limited English literacy skills, and financial burdens, diminishing the effectiveness of their learning. In response to these difficulties, constructive recommendations are offered to enhance the learning experience and address the prevalent issues.

Author Biographies

Nguyen Le An Phuong, The University of Danang - University of Foreign Language Studies, Vietnam

Nguyen Le An Phuong earned a Master of Arts in TESOL studies in 2006 from The University of Queensland, Australia. In addition, she completed an Advanced Diploma of Event Management in 2012 at William Angliss Institute, Australia. Presently, she serves as a lecturer at the Faculty of English, Da Nang University of Foreign Language Studies, where she earned her Bachelor of English degree in 2004. Phuong boasts 20 years of teaching experience and has been involved in the National Project of Foreign Languages for ten years as a trainer.

Nguyen Thi Hoang Bau, The University of Danang - University of Foreign Language Studies, Vietnam

Nguyen Thi Hoang Bau holds an M.S in Tourism Management from Chinese Culture University, Taiwan (2015) and an M.A in Applied Linguistics from the University of Melbourne, Australia (2018). She is a lecturer at the Faculty of English for Specific Purposes, the University of Foreign Languages Studies, the University of Danang, where she obtained her Bachelor of Business English in 2012. She is an accomplished author of local and international papers, and has guided students in research. Her research interests span tourism and linguistics.


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How to Cite

Nguyen, L. A. P., & Nguyen, T. H. B. (2024). A Study on Adult Learners of English as A Foreign Language in Vietnam: Motivations, Advantages, and Challenges. International Journal of Language Instruction, 3(1), 31–42. https://doi.org/10.54855/ijli.24313



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